Legal & Ethical Issues


How I would copyright my work?

The quick answer is that you can’t copyright an idea but you can copyright a script or a film. This is called Intellectual Property. Copyright occurs automatically when a script is created but proving it was written before another similar work can sometimes be difficult. After i have created my script to prove the date it was created i should mail it to myself or alternatively register the script with a number of services available.

In addition to copyrighting the script, you can copyright other elements of the film, such as character design, art design and images. To show others, in the most simple way, that you have copyright in a work, you can add a © to the work along with your name and the date. You may also choose to register your copyright with a copyright registration service such as the UK Copyright Service or The Script Factory Script Registration Service. This is not essential, and may not be appropriate in many cases, but it could serve to protect you in the event of a copyright dispute.

How to avoid copyrighting others:

All materials that I will be using will either be downloaded off loyalty free sites or the rights will be purchased, or created by myself.

For when filming in public all UK productions need Public Liability Insurance in order to receive permission to film or carry out commercial photography, which should be obtained in the earliest stages of pre-production.


The music that will be in my film will all be paid for as all loyalty free music don’t really fit in the style I’m looking for, this means i will be purchasing my music of Audio Network.


As I will be looking at a variety of scripts and speeches I need to be careful when using certain points as some will be protected by copyright.



Ethical Restraints

Ethics are the Moral Principles that define how a person or group acts. There are ethical issues that TV/Film producers are effected by including: Trust, Liability, Truth, Privacy, etc.

Ethical Issues Surrounding Boxing

When depicting boxing in my film I need to be careful in how I present it. As its a very common subject recently, mostly asking the morality in boxing and what legislation should be in place. I have to try get across in my video the physical and mental advantages to boxing and how safe it is, agreeing with a lot of arguments made about boxing I need to present boxing as a metaphor for life, not really advertising boxing.


Representation is how media texts deal with and present gender, age, ethnicity, national and regional identity, social issues and events to an audience. Media texts have the power to manipulate an audience’s knowledge and understanding about these important topics. This makes them very powerful in terms of influencing ideas and attitudes.

  • Stereotypes
    A stereotype is a simplified representation of a person, groups of people or a place, through basic or obvious characteristics which aren’t always accurate. They can be used to describe characters quickly, relying on existing audience recognition.
    Stereotypes are dangerous as they can lead audiences to generalise about people or places.
  • Ideology
    These are ideas and beliefs, held by media producers, which are often represented in their media texts. In a newspaper, the ideology of the owner or senior editors could influence the way certain stories are represented, such as lending support to a particular political party. In a documentary for example, the representation of their story could be influenced by the ideology of the filmmaker or producer.

Speaking on this without a written script I don’t feel that I will have any issue with how I represent, I don’t feel like there is no room in my film for me to stereotype nor inject my own ideologies into the film as there is simple no room for them, it could be discussed that the metaphor I’m using could be disagreed with, this being boxing. And this cause a lot of controversy as people find its wrong etc etc, however this will only be those who are short sighted and will se the film about boxing not the implied metaphor.



Health and Safety

Health and safety legislation applies to all work activities in the UK. These legal duties cannot be delegated.

In order to follow these laws, you must:

  • Define responsibilities and duties
  • Have a system for managing health and safety
  • Assess and manage risks

When completing my risk assessment paperwork, I identified any hazards and how to avoid and control them. I also have crew members with me that will supervise and help with any safety problems that may occur.

Permission To Film

All filming locations that are used, no matter how private or public it seems, it is likely you’ll need to notify or get permission from somebody. The impact of failing to inform relevant authorities could result in the police being called etc. It can disrupt your filming and the local community and waste police time. If you film an actor inside a store or restaurant, you need written permission to use the location and also to show the chain’s name or trademark. If you film outside a store or restaurant you do not need permission to show its name or trademark – however, if the location chosen is used to communicate a negative message in your film (for example, a film about ‘poisoned restaurant food’) you may risk legal proceedings. You do not need to ask passers-by for permission to feature their faces in a film. Under UK law, the copyright of film shot in a public place resides with the filmmaker.

Film classification




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Legal and ethical issues in the TV & film industry (2013) Available at: (Accessed: ). (n.d.). BBC Bitesize – GCSE Media Studies – What is Representation? – Revision 1. [online] Available at: [Accessed]. (n.d.). Filming in public spaces | British Film Commission. [online] Available at: [Accessed ]. (n.d.). Get Permission. [online] Available at: [Accessed ].

95, B. (2012) Maria Revueltas. Available at: (Accessed: )

Nicholas, J. (2015) Legal and ethical considerations in the media industries (BTEC creative media). Available at: (Accessed: 9 May 2016).